Nature, the Oil Spill, and Interdependence

Jeff VanderMeer • May 19th, 2010 @ 3:09 pm • Uncategorized

Deadlines have meant that I’ve been unable to post about the mass deaths occurring out in the Gulf of Mexico right now due to the oil spill from a BP deep sea rig. These deaths are largely invisible to us on shore, but every day they continue. And why? Largely because we seem unable to imagine that which we cannot see–therefore, the risk is deemed acceptable. We cannot see fertilizer run-off into the Gulf so that must not be harmful. We cannot see how we surround ourselves with human-made poisons in the form of the chemicals in household sprays and plastics. We cannot easily see how this is connected to cancer rates…or to the overall degradation of our environment. If everyone could perceive it–if every time you came into contact with a toxic substance your arms or hands turned to the color of blood, for example, or if you had to live with part of an oil slick covering your body as you went to work–each person had to have a fraction of the slick permanently attached to them, along with every death, disruption, and poisoning it caused–then, just maybe, we would understand exactly what we are doing, and allowing to be done, to our environment…and why, selfishly, without even considering the intrinsic harm it does regardless of our own existence on this planet…why it matters that we ban certain chemicals, ban off-shore drilling, do a much better job of policing offenders, don’t put sensitive areas at risk.

Everything is interconnected. Here’s the land I love: St. Marks Wildlife Refuge, which is forest and marsh and sea. If the oil reaches this shore, it affects this whole ecosystem. The one described below, in a post I originally made last year using quotes from Thoreau. This oil slick is the kind of thing that makes me furious, makes me feel powerless. Right now, St. Marks is not in the path of the oil because of the way the currents work. But it’s hard to say how this will all end, and there are ecosystems just like the ones at St. Marks that are at risk.

This approach we take to our energy, to our lives, is a kind of madness.

“The mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation. What is called resignation is confirmed desperation. From the desperate city you go into the desperate country, and have to console yourself with the bravery of minks and muskrats.”

This may be so, but it doesn’t feel like desperation at the trail head. It feels like adventure. It feels like you are about to test yourself against a task hard and worth doing, and even if you retreat from it back into the normal rhythms of your life, you will learn something about yourself in the process. Memories of dodging wild pigs, standing silent while a panther walked by you, and jumping over allligators–the stuff of tales exaggerated later over beers, and thus untrue even though true–melt away into another image: of having been disoriented and lost in a thunderstorm on these very same trails, and how that brought back childhood memories of walking on the reef at night in Fiji, with no way to tell sea from shore, and how, in some guise, you are hoping to recreate that experience that cannot be recreated, because in being lost in the natural world you actually feel more alive, more safe, than at any other time in your life. That’s how you start at least: in the abstract, and in your recollections, rather than in the moment.

“I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived.”

Nowhere is this sense of urgency more apparent than in passing through the swampy forest that lies a mile or two in, with woods meeting a dank blackwater gutter, the place you’ve most often seen bear and heard things rustling in the darkness that the imagination assigns horrible forms to. Hiking alone is a different experience than hiking with someone. The pleasures of conversation distract from the still, standing water, from the reflections of cypress knees and the oppressive Southern Gothic feel to the air, the sky blocked by scraggly pine trees. This, too, is the corridor where wild pigs once charged, and while danger is minimal, the imagination magnifies it, and in the absence of company the mind exaggerates and finds ghosts where none exist. “Nature” in this context is something aggressive that wants to cause harm, even though it’s not true. Once through that gauntlet, you feel foolish, you feel dumb, you wonder why you bothered with the anxiety, or brought your senses to heightened alert. It’s just a walk in the woods.

“Time is but the stream I go a-fishing in. I drink at it: but while I drink I see the sandy bottom and detect how shallow it is. Its thin current slides away, but eternity remains.”

Then the trail becomes straight and long and bright, and you’re trudging across the sandy soil wondering how the Spanish invaders with their heavy hot armor ever hacked their way through the swamps. This section seems to last forever, and even as you remain vigilant, scanning the trail ahead for signs of motion, still your thoughts stray, time become elongated and porous. There’s the memory of each past experience traversing this stretch, and the awareness that you’ve come early enough to beat the biting flies for once, and then you’re somewhere else. You’re driving across Hungary toward Romania in a tiny car. You’re lost with your wife on a plateau in a park above San Diego, where the grass is the color of gold and reaches to your knees and the trees are blackened from fire. You’re hiking up a mountain in scrubland outside of Brisbane, each breath labored, every muscle in your legs protesting even as you’re possessed by a wild giddiness that keeps you moving past exhaustion. You’re back in the first year of college when you wanted isolation and walked the five miles from the campus home in utter silence every day, receiving the world through a hole in your shoe and knowing you weren’t lonely but just alone. These thoughts are an embarrassment to you later. They seem to give significance to the mundane, but heightened awareness combined with a strange comfort is a signature of being solitary in solitary places.

“The life in us is like the water in the river. It may rise this year higher than man has ever known it, and flood the parched uplands; even this may be the eventful year…”

After having passed the unofficial gauntlet of bears and wild pigs, along with the stretch nicknamed “alligator alley,” your stride has achieved a rhythm, and your legs are no longer tight, and you can feel the muscles moving as you move, and you come out of the scrubland into the wetlands, with the freshwater canal serving as a buffer to the salt marsh and, ultimately, the sea. You’ve seen dolphins there, searching for food at high tide, before being pulled out again at low tide. You’ve seen otters and heard the call of curlews. The water means more life than anything the woods can support, in a myriad of forms. It’s also an area struck awhile back by hurricane, and you can still see the marks of that abuse, even though the water level’s long since receded. Once, this section was much harder to traverse because of that violence–you had to make your way through thigh-high water, always wary of that sudden tickle that might mean contact with an alligator. Now, though, they’ve filled those spaces in with concrete, and you’re vaguely disappointed. You’re now seven or eight miles out, and yet you’re confronted by this artificial bridge. No one is anywhere nearby, and yet there’s no escaping the fact people were here in numbers once.

“Men esteem truth remote, in the outskirts of the system, behind the farthest star, before Adam and after the last man.”

Finally, you reach the farthest-most point, beyond which you are but returning and returning still, feeling the pull of mile markers and the road beyond. But for that moment, you’re so remote that there’s no one for miles–and you feel that. You feel it strongly. You’ve gone from being a little on edge to being a little tired. And you’ve come out onto this perfectly still scene that looks from the light like Turner painted it. And you just take a deep breath and relax into the landscape.

“A lake like this is never smoother than at such a time; and the clear portion of the air above it is shallow and darkened by clouds, the water, full of light and reflections, becomes a lower heaven itself so much more important.”

And so you walk along the shore of this lower heaven, in the middle of nowhere and are rejuvenated by its perfect stillness. Your legs for a time are no longer tired, and you are afraid of nothing, and you have no room for memory or thought or anything except this moment, and this one, and the next. If a place can be called perfect or pristine or timeless, this stretch of the trail has all of those qualities, and your peace of mind is absolute in its embrace of the sky’s reflection.

“In any weather, at any hour of the day or night, I have been anxious to improve the nick of time, and notch it on my stick too; to stand on the meeting of two eternities, the past and future, which is precisely the present moment.”

The present moment elongates again, ignited by the heat, once past still ponds and into the eleventh mile. You live in the present by dint of blistered feet and chaffed ankles and biting flies drawn to the sweat on your ears or forehead and the parched feeling in your throat despite drinking water from the canteen. The sun has decided to lodge itself behind your eyes and shine out so that the inside of your head feels burnt. Every beautiful thing you see ahead of you you know you’ve already seen at least once behind you. Eternity is found in the repetition of your steps and the constant way the light grips the ground and sends its heat back up at you. There’s no memory in you now. There’s no room. The present has filled you up.

“At other times watching from the observatory of some cliff or tree, to telegraph any new arrival; or waiting at evening on the hill-tops for the sky to fall, that I might catch something, though I never caught much…”

The larger things in this context fall away, until you revel only in small details–the dark line of a marsh hawk flying low over the water, the delicate fracture of the water where a snake bird submerged, and, between, the strangely satisfying long grass that cascades like hair from the ground.

“By the words necessary of life, I mean whatever, of all that man obtains by his own exertions, has been from the first, or from long use has become, so important to human life that few, if any, whether from savageness, or poverty, or philosophy, ever attempt to do without it.”

In the final miles, the sun is so bright and hot you actually feel a little delirious, even though you know this is a mirage–you have water and you’re still hobbling through your blisters and petty aches. How can the sun be so oppressive and yet the scene so unbearably beautiful? The final mile approaches, and you bend down to tighten the laces on your boot. There’s a tiny black-and-red grasshopper, symbolic as a scarab, beside your foot. From what seems like a great distance, you hear a scrambling huff from the marsh beside the trail. For an instant some odd, broad-shouldered marmot pushes its face through the reeds. Then sees you and hurriedly disappears with a plop into the water behind it–while you rise, startled, the grasshopper leaping onto your leg. Then you’re walking again, laughing a little, and in a few minutes more you’re back at the road and your car, everything pressed out of you except a yearning for water and a clean shirt. And you’re unaccountably happy, grinning even.

12 Responses to “Nature, the Oil Spill, and Interdependence”

  1. molly says:

    <3

  2. Beverly Cochrane says:

    I cannot express your expressions….too, too beautiful. So glad I clicked the link. Thank you so much.

  3. G. Arthur Brown says:

    Mmmph! Hippie! How dare you try to save MY planet.

  4. Hellbound Heart says:

    you know what? i reckon if us human beings disappeared tomorrow nothing would miss us much……it’d give all the other poor animals trying to survive our inhuman greed and destructiveness a fighting chance…..

    peace and love….

  5. urmilla deshpande says:

    oh Jeff, yes. Madness, denial is a kind of madness.
    http://urmilladeshpande.com/2010/05/simple-life/

  6. Docteur de climatologie says:

    http://www.reuters.com/subjects/gulf-oil-spill

    Qin Chen, an associate professor of civil and environmental engineering at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge:
    The ecological catastrophe in the gulf of Mexico can be compared to the Chernobyl nuclear accident. Millions of gallons of oil are already in the Gulf of Mexico, and until now BP engineers failed to stop the leak.
    The tornado season which has started recently in the Mexican gulf can geographically coincide with the oil spill. The oil emerging into the tornado can be air diffused. It is still debated whether the oil dispersed as an aerosol can reach explosive quality. That this situation is far from hypothetical was demonstrated by the U.S. “mother of all bombs” and the Russian “dad of all bombs”. Based on the same dispersion principle, with 16,000 lbs of explosive aerosol inside, it is equivalent to 88,000 pounds of TNT.
    “The amount of the oil dispersed in a form of an aerosol in the tornado epicenter can be enormous” – Qin Chen says. The extreme explosive capacity of the oil aerosol might affect numerous economically important centers in the U.S.

    What does the U.S. government do to prevent this explosive situation?

  7. Only Connect | Deeds & Words says:

    [...] Jeff Vandermeer posted a nice–I might even say powerful– essay on the oil well rupture and the interconnectedness of things.  Read it here. [...]

  8. Michael says:

    It seems like there is finally some good news with the spill. The Houston Chronicle reports, U.S. ships were being outfitted earlier this month with four pairs of skimming booms airlifted from the Netherlands and should be deployed within days.” Could this be the turning point? For all those feeling pretty gloomy about this situation, I recommend a good laugh… Here’s a funny joke, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dd0svVWfFbo

  9. Carpet Shampooer · says:

    the oil spill in mexico really affected the eco system around that area, it would take years to clean those mess “”

  10. Bath Screens says:

    oil spills can really mess up the environment, i hope we can find a very good solution to control oil spills -“,

  11. Giyim Al??veri? Siteleri says:

    Good article Thanks, Güzel yaz? te?ekkürler

  12. ego-t says:

    Tammy may I say how proud of how you are handling the situation at church. Humility is such an evidence of the life of Christ thriving in you.

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